COVID-19
LEGAL UPDATES

EL DESARROLLO LEGAL ACTUAL RELACIONADO CON LA PANDEMIA COVID-19 EN NUESTRAS JURISDICCIONES

Guatemala 

El Salvador

Honduras

El Salvador

General

March 11th 2020
Executive Decree No. 4
Ministry of Health
Decrees quarantine for thirty days, derived from the declaration of pandemic and data provided
by the WHO, for all people entering Salvadoran territory through any means

March 12th 2020
Executive Decree No. 19, Extraordinary Prevention and Containment Measures to declare the national territory as a zone subject to sanitary control, in order to contain the COVID-19 Pandemic
Ministry of Health
Declares the national territory as zone subject to sanitary control.

March 12th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 587, Authorization for FODES
Legislative Assembly
Authorizes Municipalities to use FODES funds to combat propagation of Covid-19 in their territories

March 15th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 594, Temporary restriction of constitutional rights Act to meet the Covid-19 pandemic
Legislative Assembly
The Ministry of Health shall execute all actions necessary for the COVID-19 Pandemic Prevention, Containment and Response Plan; the rights of transit and peaceful gathering are suspended; religious, cultural, economic and sporting gatherings must give notice to the Ministry
of Health and take sanitary measures

March 15th 2020
Executive Decree No. 5
Ministry of Health
The entry of foreign and international persons in to national territory is prohibited, during the validity of the
Temporary Restriction of Constitutional Rights Law.

March 16th 2020
Executive Decree No. 8, Specific guidelines for the public passenger transport sector, related to the attention of the Covid-19 sanitary emergency
Ministry of Health
Public transportation units must abide by the use of masks for the driver and other employees, disinfection three times daily, provision of gel alcohol to users, and maximum occupancy of 50
persons per unit.

March 19th 2020
Executive Decree No. 22 in Health
Ministry of Health
Establishes additional causes for circulation and procedures for their implementation, as well as essential products and services whose economic activities and industries are permitted to be carried out.

March 21st 2020
Executive Decree No. 12, Extraordinary prevention and containment measures to declare the national territory as zone subject to sanitary control, in order to contain the Covid-19 pandemic
Ministry of Health
Declares the national territory as a zone subject to sanitary control and takes extraordinary measures to prevent the danger of propagation, enacting sanitary measures for prevention and containment, such as that no person may circulate throughout the territory of the Republic, with certain exceptions for companies and persons, sanitary measures for companies and circulation
of certain types of transport

March 29th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 611, Temporary restriction of constitutional rights Act
Legislative Assembly
Authorizes the Executive Power to restrict freedom of transit, determining zones in risk of contagion; prohibition of entry of foreigners into the territory; restricts the right to peaceful gathering, except religious, cultural, economic and sporting gatherings, which must give notice to
the Ministry of Health

April 12th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 622, Extension of effect for Legislative Decree 593
Legislative Assembly
Extends the effect of Legislative Decree No. 593, which declares a state of national emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic, for four days since its publication in the official bulletin.

April 16th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 631, Extension of effect for Legislative Decree 593
Legislative Assembly
Extends the effect of Legislative Decree No. 593 for fifteen days, expiring on May 1st 2020.

April 27th 2020
Executive Decree No. 21 (Health)
Ministry of Health
Extraordinary prevention and containment measures to declare the national territory as a zone subject to sanitary control, in order to contain the COVID-19 pandemic.

April 30th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 634
Legislative Assembly
Legislative Decree No. 593, declaring national state of emergency due to COVID-19 pandemic, is extended for 15 days since its publication in the Official Bulletin. 

May 5th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 639, Regulatory Act for isolation, quarantine, observation and supervision due to COVID-19
Legislative Assembly
Regulates conditions, time and manner of compliance for quarantine, observation and supervision of persons subject to such control measures.
Declares the entire national territory as an epidemic zone subject to sanitary control to combat damage and prevent spread of COVID-19. The entire population must remain at home, and may only exit in cases authorized by this decree.

May 5th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 641
Legislative Assembly
Measures to mitigate economic impact and its effects on Salvadoran employment and labor stability of private sector employees, without harm to the sustainability of companies, without distinction of sectors or economic activity.

May 5th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 644
Legislative Assembly
Extension for 8 days, starting May 17th 2020, of the suspension of terms for administrative and judicial procedures, in any matter and instance.
All persons with impossibility to fulfill obligations due to being directly affected by the measures applied in compliance with law, shall not incur default of contractual obligations nor civil and commercial penalties.
Terms for hearing in the common and special criminal courts are suspended, applying also to administrative hearings.
Authorizes use of ID Documents expiring within the decree’s term of effect.

May 6th 2020
Executive Decree No. 23 in Health
Ministry of Health
Establishes measures for mobilization of employees of the Public Administration and private sector, authorized to function during the mandatory home quarantine until May 21st, as mandated by Executive Decree No. 22.

May 9th 2020
Executive Decree No. 24
Ministry of Health
Establishes additional causes for circulation and procedures for implementation, as well as essential products and services whose economic activities and industries are permitted.

May 15th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 643
Legislative Assembly
Temporary Act to Facilitate Voluntary Compliance with Tax Obligations due to the National Emergency Causes by the COVID-19 Pandemic.

May 16th 2020
Executive Decree No. 19
Ministry of Health
Declares national state of emergency throughout the entire national territory, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The state of emergency shall be in effect to counteract the adverse consequences originated by the pandemic at a national level.

May 19th 2020
Executive Decree No. 26
Ministry of Health
Details conditions, time and manner of compliance with quarantine, supervision or observation of persons subject to such control measures
Declares the entire national territory as epidemic zone subject to sanitary control to combat the damage and prevent propagation of COVID-19.
The entire population must remain home and may only exit their household or residency in cases authorized by the decree.

May 1st 2020
Legislative Decree No. 649 – Suspension of legal terms
Legislative Power
Extends for a further 8 days the suspension of legal terms in administrative and judicial procedures, in any matter and instance. Terms and hearings in the common and special criminal jurisdictions are also suspended, as well as hearings carried out before administrative offices. This provision does not include terms determined by the Constitution for administrative detention, term for inquiry, protective measures in matters of domestic violence, and terms related to the Penitentiary Act and the Civil Procedures Act.

May 31st 2020
Executive Decree No. 22
Executive Power
Declares state of national emergency, state of calamity and natural disaster throughout the entire territory of the Republic for 15 days. Activities carried out for attending the emergency caused by storm Amanda must adopt sanitary measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

June 2nd 2020
Executive Decree No. 29
Executive Power
Regulates conditions, time and manner of quarantine, supervision and observation of persons subject to such control measures.
Declares the entire national territory as epidemic zone, subject to sanitary control to combat damage from and prevent the spread of COVID-19.
The entire population must remain safeguarded at home, and may only exit their home or residence in cases authorized by this decree.

Tax

March 20th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 598, Special and temporary Act on mode of payment of Income Tax applicable to small taxpayers, electric energy, television, internet and telephone services, and on special contribution for promotion of tourism
Legislative Assembly
Exonerates payment of the special contribution for promotion of tourism for a three month period; extends term for payment of Income Tax 2019 until May 31st 2020, exempt from interest, surcharge and fines. Applicable to the tourism sector and those whose payable tax is not higher
than $25,000

March 20th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 603, Temporary provisions
Legislative Assembly
Exempts import duties, VAT and any other fiscal or municipal tax, over goods imported under the
Commercial and Industrial Free Trade Zones Act

Labor

March 16th 2020
Executive Decree No. 6, Provisions ordering workers to return home in order to safeguard againts contagion from the Covid-19 pandemic, and to guarantee their remuneration
Ministry of Health
Employees in delicate health situation must be absent from workplaces, and measures to guarantee their remuneration

March 20th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 600, Regulation of Work-From-Home Act
Legislative Assembly
Promote, harmonize, regulate and implement work-from-home as an instrument for the generation of employment and modernization of public, private and autonomous institutions,
through the use of information and communication technologies

March 26th 2020
Executive Decree No. 13, Amendments to Executive Decree No. 12
Ministry of Health
The Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, with the Ministry of Health, must determine workplace health and safety protocols for companies continuing activities. The number of workers by shift
must be defined, to continue working during the National State of Emergency

Comercial

March 16th 2020
Executive Decree No. 7, Containment measures for the commercial and leisure sectors related to the attention of the Covid-10 health emergency
Ministry of Health
Suspends the opening of bars, discotheques, gymnasiums and any institution dedicated to the
sale of alcoholic beverages and/or entertainment

March 17th 2020
Executive Decree No. 9, Containment measures for the restaurant and food activities sector related to the attention of the Covid-10 health emergency
Ministry of Health
Suspends opening to the public of restaurants, eateries, cafeterias and similar businesses,
except delivery, drive-thru and take-out

March 18th 2020
Executive Decree No. 10, Containment measures for the commercial and industrial activities sectors related to the attention of the Covid-10 health emergency
Ministry of Health
Suspends work and commercial activities for call centers and maquilas, except those directly
related to health, food, airlines, travel agencies, medical supplies, medicines and food

March 19th 2020
Executive Decree No. 11, Containment measures for the commercial activity of shopping centers, whatever their denomination, related to the attention of the Covid-10 health emergency
Ministry of Health
Suspends opening to public of commercial establishments located in shopping centers, except
medical clinics, pharmacies, supermarkets, restaurants, bank agencies, public services and
convenience stores

March 20th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 601, Temporary Act to defer payment of invoices for water, electric energy and telecommunications services
Legislative Assembly
Defers payment of invoices on services of running water, electric energy and telecommunications
(telephone, cable or internet services)

Litigation

March 20th 2020
Legislative Decree No. 599, Amends Decree No. 593
Legislative Assembly
Suspends during its effect all terms and periods in administrative procedures and judicial
proceedings, in any matter and instance